The data presented is a selection of current statistical information available from existing sources. The Hub will both generate new data and publish reports and analysis based on our work in Colombia.
From 2001 to May 2020, 75,214 individuals have left the different armed groups that have fought on Colombian ground (64,014 men and 11,200 women).
The following table presents descriptive data based on the 2017 Socioeconomic Census made by National University of Colombia.
|2017 census of 10,015 demobilised FARC members|
|77% were men and 23% were women|
|66% came from rural areas, 19% from urban areas, and 15% from urban-rural areas|
|31.5% identified as part of an ethnic group (18% indigenous and 12% Afro-colombian)|
|90% were literate; 57% only had a primary education; 3% had a university education; 46% had children and 54% had no children|
|7.2% of the 2,267 women were pregnant; 32.9% were between 23 and 27; 27.4 were between 18 and 22; 2.4% were 17|
|77% did not have a place to live|
The next table shows the number of victims registered in the Victims’ registry
|Type of Violent Act*||Total||Males||Females||Intersex||LGBTI||No Information|
|Loss of Property||119,857||61,647||58,142||2||54||12|
|Acts of Terrorism, Attacks, Armed Confrontations||85,700||47,090||38,512||4||93||1|
|Crimes Against Sexual Liberty and Integrity||32,220||2,419||29,309||2||488||2|
|Land Dispossession or Forced Abandonment||23,275||11,609||11,650||4||10||2|
|Injuries from Mines, Unexploded Ammunition or Improvised Explosive Devices||11,720||10,566||1,153||1|
|Recruitment of Children by Armed Groups||8,353||5,540||2,796||1||14||2|
Source: Registro Único de Víctimas – 31 May 2020, *all violent acts recorded are related to the armed conflict; **The Victims Unit states that there are 9,014,766 victims of the armed conflict. The numbers in this row may include victims who were counted multiple times under different violent acts. As such, the numbers in this row serve as a general estimation of the victims.
In Colombia, women and gender have been part of the peacebuilding agenda since the 1950s. This is shown by a study published in 2017 with support from the One Earth Future Foundation (OEF) and its Sustainable Peace for Colombia program (PASO Colombia). The study sought to document the emergence and evolution of peace initiatives from civil society in Colombia and managed to gather more than 1,800 records.
22.3% of the initiatives founded each year have gender as a working area. In 1957, the first gender-related peace initiatives were registered. In 2005 the highest number of gender-related peace initiatives were recorded (13 initiatives).
Gender-related peace initiatives have emerged in 27 of the 32 departments of Colombia (departments are Colombia’s regional political unit, equivalent to states in the United States).
See the study
Does the the nondiscrimination clause mention gender in the constitution (2015): yes
Women who experienced violence by an intimate partner (2016): 28.9%
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments (2017): 18.7%
Land ownership men vs women (2015): 5.4% of men, 3.8% of women
Homicide rate per 100,000 population (2016): 25.5
Death rates from conflict and terrorism per 100,000 population: No data
Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of the overall prison population (2017): 33.7%
Universal periodic review – ColombiaSee Party Report
|Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women :1981||Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women :2000|
|Signature: 1980, Ratification/Accession: 1982||Signature: 1999, Ratification/Accession: 2007|
WPS Index ranking: 104
Education (women’s mean years of schooling, ages 25+): 8.5
Employment (women ages 25+ %): 56.3%
Discriminatory work norms (males 15+ who agree it is unacceptable for women to work, %): 6%
No National Action Plan
Per 100,000 live births (2017): 83See this data
Total annual spend (2018): 10.603 Billion (USD)
% of GDP (2018): 3.17% (2018)
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